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IIT BOMBAY Minimum Qualifying GATE Score For Admission

Previous year minimum qualifying GATE Score required for admission in IIT Bombay.
DepartmentSpecializationQualifying DisciplineGATE DisciplineCut Off (GN)Cut Off (OBC-NC)Cut Off (SC/ST)
Aerospace EngineeringSpecialization AE1 – AerodynamicsAEAll eligible GATE Discipline380342253
CE, MECE490441327
CE, MEME540486360
Specialization AE2 – Dynamics and ControlAEAll eligible GATE discipline380342253
EC, EE, IN, MEEC, EE, IN, ME540486360
Specialization AE3 – Aerospace PropulsionAEAll eligible GATE discipline380342253
MEME540486360
Specialization AE4 – Aerospace StructureAEAll eligible GATE discipline380342253
CE, MECE490441327
CE, MEME540486360
Biomedical Engineering (BM)Specialization BM-(Biomedical Engineering)CSAll eligible GATE discipline620558413
ECAll eligible GATE discipline600540400
INAll eligible GATE discipline480432320
BTAll eligible GATE discipline470423313
CH, EP, MT, PY, CG, MS, CY, ZE, MG, BP, EE, PS, ME, ZS, BY, ER, MAAll eligible GATE discipline450405300
PHAll eligible GATE discipline400360267
BMAll eligible GATE discipline350315233
Chemical EngineeringSpecialization (CH)Chemical EngineeringAll eligible Qualifying disciplineCH550495367
Civil EngineeringSpecialization CE1 – Transportation Systems EngineeringCECE500450333
Specialization CE2 – Geotechnical EngineeringCECE400360267
Specialization CE3 – Water Resources EngineeringCECE350315233
Specialization CE4 – Structural EngineeringCECE550495367
Specialization CE5 – Offshore EngineeringCECE350315233
Specialization CE6 – Remote SensingCECE350315233
Computer Science and EngineeringSpecialization CSComputer Science and EngineeringAll eligible Qualifying disciplineCS750675500
Earth Sciences (ES)Specialization GS – GeoexplorationAll eligible Qualifying disciplineGG350315233
Specialization PG – Petroleum GeoscienceAll eligible Qualifying disciplineGG350315233
Electrical EngineeringSpecialization EE1 – Communication EngineeringAll eligible Qualifying disciplineEE, CS, EC600540400
Specialization EE2 – Control & ComputingAll eligible Qualifying disciplineEE, CS, EC, IN600540400
Specialization EE3 – Power Electronics & Power SystemsAll eligible Qualifying disciplineEE, EC, IN600540400
Specialization EE4 – MicroelectronicsAll eligible Qualifying disciplineEE, PH, CS, EC, IN600540400
Specialization EE5 – ElectronicsAll eligible Qualifying disciplineEE, PH, EC, IN600540400
Energy Science and EngineeringSpecialization ENEnergy Systems and EngineeringAll eligible Qualifying disciplineAll eligible GATE discipline450405300
Environmental Science & EngineeringEVAll eligible qualifying disciplineAE, AG, BT, CH, CE, ME, MN, MT, BT, CY, GG, PH, XE, XL450405300
Geoinformatics & Natural Resources Engineering (GNR)All eligible qualifying disciplineCS, EC500450333
All eligible qualifying disciplineEE450405300
All eligible qualifying disciplineAG, AR, PH400360267
All eligible qualifying disciplineCE, MN, GG, MA350315233
Industrial Engineering and Operations Research (IO)PI, PR, IEAll eligible GATE discipline550495367
ME, MFAll eligible GATE discipline600540400
EE, CS, EC, IN, CH, CEAll eligible GATE discipline625563417
All OthersAll eligible GATE discipline700630467
Mechanical EngineeringSpecialization ME1 – Thermal & Fluids EngineeringCH, AU, AE, MEAll eligible GATE discipline600540400
Specialization ME2 – Design EngineeringAU, AE, PI, MC, MEAll eligible GATE discipline600540400
Specialization ME3 – Manufacturing EngineeringIE, PI, MC, MEAll eligible GATE discipline600540400
Specialization ME4 – Nuclear EnergyCH, EE, MEAll eligible GATE discipline600540400
Metallurgical Engineering & Materials Science (MM)Specialization MM1 – Material ScienceMEAll eligible GATE discipline650585433
EC, EEAll eligible GATE discipline600540400
CH, PO, EHAll eligible GATE discipline500450333
CG, MSAll eligible GATE discipline450405300
EP, PHAll eligible GATE discipline350315233
CYAll eligible GATE discipline330297220
MTAll eligible GATE discipline300270200
Specialization MM2 – Process EngineeringMEAll eligible GATE discipline650585433
CH, EHAll eligible GATE discipline500450333
MSAll eligible GATE discipline450405300
CYAll eligible GATE discipline330297220
MTAll eligible GATE discipline300270200
Specialization MM3 – Steel TechnologyMEAll eligible GATE discipline650585433
CHAll eligible GATE discipline500450333
MTAll eligible GATE discipline300270200
Specialization MM4 – Corrosion Science & EngineeringMEAll eligible GATE discipline650585433
EEAll eligible GATE discipline600540400
CH, AE, CE, EH.PMAll eligible GATE discipline500450333
CG, MSAll eligible GATE discipline450405300
CYAll eligible GATE discipline330297220
MTAll eligible GATE discipline300270200
Materials, Manufacturing and Modeling (MMM)CH, MT, AU, PI, MEAll eligible GATE discipline600540400
Systems & Control Engineering (SC)All eligible Qualifying disciplineAll eligible GATE discipline800720533
Technology & Development (CTARA)Specialization TD-

Technology and Development

All eligible Qualifying disciplineAll eligible GATE discipline300270200
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Make fun with Facebook comment

People always want to do funny with his friends and facebook is the world most popular social network where people are communicates with each other. Facebook has so many funny tricks and people can enjoy using them. Today I will show you some funny tricks on facebook comments.

Turn your Facebook comments/Status updated upside down

Yes, it will be very funny if you post your comments/status upside down. So for this Fliptext.org will help you. Go to Fliptext.org and into the first box, type your comments that you want to post on facebook wall. The upside down text of your comment will generate into the second box. Copy the text from second box and post it on facebook wall.
Turn your Facebook comments/Status updated upside down

Post a blank status update on facebook wall

By default facebook do not allow people to post a blank status on it's wall. You have to type at least a dot or text to update your status. But here is the trick to post a blank status update. In your status box, Press and hold Alt key and just type 0173 (NOTE: You must on Num Lock and use numeric keypad). That’s it, your status update will be blank.

List of some Facebook emoticons

:) happy smile
:( sad face
:/ undecided smile
;) wink wink
o.O confused face
>:( mad / angry
^_^ cheer up
-_- disappointed smiley
:3 frowning lips
>:O surprised mad / angry face
:O surprised smile
:v pac man / pacmac
:'( crying / upset face
:P tongue out
:D big smile with teeth out
:* kiss , lady
8) glasses / clear
8| sunglasses / dark
O:) angel
3:) evil
<3 heart also can use alt 3
<(") penguin (animal)
(^^^) shark (animal)
:|] gray robot
:putnam: head

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Unblock any website using Google proxy server

I already wrote a topic how to open a blocked website by hiding IP address. For that process you needed to install a software which will use a proxy address and hide your IP address.

Today I will show you how to open any blocked website without any software. You will hear about so many proxy server. But when you goes to try that proxy server you will see most of them are blocked from your school, college or workplace server. Now the question is how I access those website? Is there any other method?

No. I am not talking about any new method. I also use proxy server, but this proxy server will not be blocked by your school, college or workplace administrator. Though they know about this tricks but they do not want to block this proxy server. I am going to tell you that how to use Google as a proxy server. And I am sure any administrator do not want to block Google. Because it is the most popular search engine.

When you access any page via one of these Google proxies, the content of that page gets downloaded on Google servers and then served to you. Let us discuss how to use Google as a proxy server. Here I will show three method.

  1. Google Translate as a Proxy.
  2. Google Mobilizer as a Proxy.
  3. Google Modules as a Proxy.
Google Proxy Server

Google Translate as a Proxy

To use Google Translate as a proxy, set the destination language as the actual language of the page and the source language as anything but the destination language.

For instance, if you are to access a page written in English, set the destination language (tl) in the translate URL as “en” and the source language (sl) as “ja” for Japanese. (example)
http://translate.google.com/translate?sl=ja&tl=en&u=http://example.com/

Advantage: This is the most popular Google proxy and the download web pages looks exactly like the original provided the domains serving the images and CSS are not blocked at your place.

Google Mobilizer as a Proxy

Next in the list is Google’s Mobilizer service. Google has discontinued the main mobilizer service on google.com (secure) but you can still access it through any country-specific Google domain like google.co.in or google.ie. The URL would be:
http://www.google.ie/gwt/x?u=http://example.com/ (example)

Advantage: The presentation (CSS) is not retained but this mode is perfect for reading text-heavy pages and do have the option of disabling inline images for faster loading.

Google Modules as a Proxy

The gmodules.com domain is part of the Google personalized homepage service and is primarily used for hosting gadgets that are available for the Google homepage.
http://www.gmodules.com/ig/proxy?url=http://example.com/ (example)

Advantage: This is the only Google proxy that will let you download files (like PDFs, .MP4 videos, etc) in addition to viewing regular web pages.
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Microsoft Excel shortcut keys

A list of all the major shortcut keys in Microsoft Excel is given below. It will help you to speed up typing speed.

1. Navigate Inside Worksheets
ShortcutDescription
Arrow KeysMove one cell up, down, left, or right in a worksheet.
Page Down/Page UpMove one screen down / one screen up in a worksheet.
Alt+Page Down/Alt+Page UpMove one screen to the right / to the left in a worksheet.
Tab/Shift+TabMove one cell to the right / to the left in a worksheet.
Ctrl+Arrow KeysMove to the edge of next data region (cells that contains data)
HomeMove to the beginning of a row in a worksheet.
Ctrl+HomeMove to the beginning of a worksheet.
Ctrl+EndMove to the last cell with content on a worksheet.
Ctrl+fDisplay the Find and Replace dialog box (with Find selected).
Ctrl+hDisplay the Find and Replace dialog box (with Replace selected).
Shift+F4Repeat last find.
Ctrl+g (or f5)Display the 'Go To' dialog box.
Ctrl+Arrow Left/Ctrl+Arrow RightInside a cell: Move one word to the left / to the right.
Home/EndInside a cell: Move to the beginning / to the end of a cell entry.
Alt+Arrow DownDisplay the AutoComplete list e.g. in cell with dropdowns or autofilter.
EndTurn 'End' mode on. In End mode, press arrow keys to move to the next nonblank cell in the same column or row as the active cell. From here use arrow keys to move by blocks of data, home to move to last cell, or enter to move to the last cell to the right.


2. Work with Data Selections
Select Cells
ShortcutDescription
Shift+SpaceSelect the entire row.
Ctrl+SpaceSelect the entire column.
Ctrl+Shift+* (asterisk)Select the current region around the active cell.
Ctrl+a (or ctrl+Shift+spacebar)Select the entire worksheet or the data-containing area. Pressing ctrl+a a second time then selects entire worksheet.
Ctrl+Shift+Page UpSelect the current and previous sheet in a workbook.
Ctrl+Shift+oSelect all cells with comments.
Shift+Arrow KeysExtend the selection by one cell.
Ctrl+Shift+Arrow KeyExtend the selection to the last cell with content in row or column.
Shift+Page Down/Shift+Page UpExtend the selection down one screen /up one screen.
Shift+HomeExtend the selection to the beginning of the row.
Ctrl+Shift+HomeExtend the selection to the beginning of the worksheet.
Ctrl+Shift+EndExtend the selection to the last used cell on the worksheet (lower-right corner).

Manage Active Selections
ShortcutDescription
F8Turn on extension of selection with arrow keys without having to keep pressing shift.
Shift+F8Add another (adjacent or non-adjacent) range of cells to the selection. Use arrow keys and shift+arrow keys to add to selection.
Shift+BackspaceSelect only the active cell when multiple cells are selected.
Ctrl+BackspaceShow active cell within selection.
Ctrl+. (period)Move clockwise to the next corner of the selection.
Enter/Shift+EnterMove active cell down / up in a selection.
Tab/Shift+TabMove active cell right / left in a selection.
Ctrl+Alt+Arrow Right/Ctrl+Alt+Arrow LeftMove to the right / to the left between non-adjacent selections (with multiple ranges selected).
EscCancel Selection.

Select inside cells
ShortcutDescription
Shift+Arrow Left/Shift+Arrow RightSelect or unselect one character to the left / to the right.
Ctrl+Shift+Arrow Left/Ctrl+Shift+Arrow RightSelect or unselect one word to the left / to the right.
Shift+Home/Shift+EndSelect from the insertion point to the beginning / to the end of the cell.


3. Insert and Edit Data

Undo / Redo Shortcuts
ShortcutDescription
Ctrl+zUndo last action (multiple levels).
Ctrl+yRedo last action (multiple levels).

Work with Clipboard
ShortcutDescription
Ctrl+cCopy contents of selected cells.
Ctrl+xCut contents of selected cells.
Ctrl+vPaste content from clipboard into selected cell.
Ctrl+Alt+vIf data exists in clipboard: Display the Paste Special dialog box.
Ctrl+Shift+[+]If data exists in clipboard: Display the Insert dialog box to insert blank cells.

Edit Inside Cells
ShortcutDescription
F2Edit the active cell with cursor at end of the line.
Alt+EnterStart a new line in the same cell.
EnterComplete a cell entry and move down in the selection. With multiple cells selected: fill cell range with current cell.
Shift+EnterComplete a cell entry and move up in the selection.
Tab/Shift+TabComplete a cell entry and move to the right / to the left in the selection.
EscCancel a cell entry.
BackspaceDelete the character to the left of the insertion point, or delete the selection.
DeleteDelete the character to the right of the insertion point, or delete the selection.
Ctrl+DeleteDelete text to the end of the line.
Ctrl+; (semicolon)Insert current date.
Ctrl+Shift+: (colon)Insert current time.

Edit Active or Selected Cells
ShortcutDescription
Ctrl+dFill complete cell down (Copy above cell).
Ctrl+rFill complete cell to the right (Copy cell from the left).
Ctrl+"Fill cell values down and edit (Copy above cell values).
Ctrl+' (apostrophe)Fill cell formulas down and edit (Copy above cell formulas).
Ctrl+lInsert a table (display Create Table dialog box).
Ctrl+-Delete Cell/Row/Column Menu
Ctrl+- with row / column selectedDelete row / delete column.
Ctrl+Shift++Insert Cell/Row/Column Menu
Ctrl+Shift++ with row / column selectedInsert row/ insert column.
Shift+F2Insert / Edit a cell comment.
Shift+f10, then mDelete comment.
Alt+F1Create and insert chart with data in current range as embedded Chart Object.
F11Create and insert chart with data in current range in a separate Chart sheet.
Ctrl+kInsert a hyperlink.
enter (in a cell with a hyperlink)Activate a hyperlink.

Hide and Show Elements
ShortcutDescription
Ctrl+9Hide the selected rows.
Ctrl+Shift+9Unhide any hidden rows within the selection.
Ctrl+0 (zero)Hide the selected columns.
Ctrl+Shift+0 (zero)Unhide any hidden columns within the selection*.
Ctrl+` (grave accent)Alternate between displaying cell values and displaying cell formulas. Accent grave /not a quotation mark.
Alt+Shift+Arrow RightGroup rows or columns.
Alt+Shift+Arrow LeftUngroup rows or columns.
Ctrl+6Alternate between hiding and displaying objects.
Ctrl+8Display or hides the outline symbols.
Ctrl+6Alternate between hiding objects, displaying objects, and displaying placeholders for objects.

Adjust Column Width and Row Height
ShortcutDescription
Note: there are no default shortcuts for this, but workaround through access keys from previous versions
Alt+o, caAdjust Column width to fit content. Select complete column with Ctrl+Space first, otherwise column adjusts to content of current cell). Remember Format, Column Adjust.
Alt+o, cwAdjust Columns width to specific value: Option, Cow, width
Alt+o, raAdjust Row height to fit content: Option, Row, Adjust
Alt+o, reAdjust Row height to specific value: Option, Row, Height


4. Format Data
Format Cells
ShortcutDescription
Ctrl+1Format cells dialog.
Ctrl+b (or ctrl+2)Apply or remove bold formatting.
Ctrl+i (or ctrl+3)Apply or remove italic formatting.
Ctrl+u (or ctrl+4)Apply or remove an underline.
Ctrl+5Apply or remove strikethrough formatting.
Ctrl+Shift+fDisplay the Format Cells with Fonts Tab active. Press tab 3x to get to font-size. Used to be ctrl+shift+p, but that seems just get to the Font Tab in 2010.
Alt+' (apostrophe / single quote)Display the Style dialog box.

Number Formats
ShortcutDescription
Ctrl+Shift+$Apply the Currency format with two decimal places.
Ctrl+Shift+~Apply the General number format.
Ctrl+Shift+%Apply the Percentage format with no decimal places.
Ctrl+Shift+#Apply the Date format with the day, month, and year.
Ctrl+Shift+@Apply the Time format with the hour and minute, and indicate A.M. or P.M.
Ctrl+Shift+!Apply the Number format with two decimal places, thousands separator, and minus sign (-) for negative values.
Ctrl+Shift+^Apply the Scientific number format with two decimal places.
F4Repeat last formatting action: Apply previously applied Cell Formatting to a different Cell

Apply Borders to Cells
ShortcutDescription
Ctrl+Shift+&Apply outline border from cell or selection
Ctrl+Shift+_ (underscore)Remove outline borders from cell or selection
Ctrl+1, then Ctrl+Arrow Right/Arrow LeftAccess border menu in 'Format Cell' dialog. Once border was selected, it will show up directly on the next Ctrl+1
Alt+t*Set top border
Alt+b*Set bottom Border
Alt+l*Set left Border
Alt+r*Set right Border
Alt+d*Set diagonal and down border
Alt+u*Set diagonal and up border
*In Cell Format in 'Border' Dialog Window

Align Cells
ShortcutDescription
Alt+h, arAlign Right
Alt+h, acAlign Center
Alt+h, alAlign Left


5. Formulas and Names
Formulas
ShortcutDescription
=Start a formula.
Alt+=Insert the AutoSum formula.
Shift+F3Display the Insert Function dialog box.
Ctrl+aDisplay Formula Window after typing formula name.
Ctrl+Shift+aInsert Arguments in formula after typing formula name.
Shift+F3Insert a function into a formula.
Ctrl+Shift+EnterEnter a formula as an array formula.
F4After typing cell reference (e.g. =E3) makes reference absolute (=$E$4)
F9Calculate all worksheets in all open workbooks.
Shift+F9Calculate the active worksheet.
Ctrl+Alt+F9Calculate all worksheets in all open workbooks, regardless of whether they have changed since the last calculation.
Ctrl+Alt+Shift+F9Recheck dependent formulas, and then calculates all cells in all open workbooks, including cells not marked as needing to be calculated.
Ctrl+Shift+uToggle expand or collapse formula bar.
Ctrl+`Toggle Show formula in cell instead of values

Names
ShortcutDescription
Ctrl+F3Define a name or dialog.
Ctrl+Shift+F3Create names from row and column labels.
F3Paste a defined name into a formula.


6. Manage Multipe Worksheets
ShortcutDescription
Shortcuts to delete, rename, or move worksheets are based on the old Excel 2003 menus which still work in Excel 2010.
Shift+F11/Alt+Shift+F1Insert a new worksheet in current workbook.
Ctrl+Page Down/Ctrl+Page UpMove to the next / previous worksheet in current workbook.
Shift+Ctrl+Page Down/Shift+Ctrl+Page UpSelect the current and next sheet(s) / select and previous sheet(s).
Alt+o then h rRename current worksheet (format, sheet, rename)
Alt+e then lDelete current worksheet (Edit, delete)
Alt+e then mMove current worksheet (Edit, move)


7. Manage Multiple Workbooks
ShortcutDescription
F6/Shift+F6Move to the next pane / previous pane in a workbook that has been split.
Ctrl+F4Close the selected workbook window.
Ctrl+nCreate a new blank workbook (Excel File)
Ctrl+Tab/Ctrl+Shift+TabMove to next / previous workbook window.
Alt+SpaceDisplay the Control menu for Main Excel window.
Ctrl+F9Minimize current workbook window to an icon. Also restores ('un-maximizes') all workbook windows.
Ctrl+F10Maximize or restores the selected workbook window.
Ctrl+F7Move Workbook Windows which are not maximized.
Ctrl+F8Perform size command for workbook windows which are not maximzed.
Alt+F4Close Excel.


8. Various Excel Features
ShortcutDescription
Ctrl+oOpen File.
Ctrl+sSave the active file with its current file name, location, and file format.
F12Display the Save As dialog box.
f10 (or alt)Turn key tips on or off.
Ctrl+pPrint File (Opens print menu).
F1Display the Excel Help task pane.
F7Display the Spelling dialog box.
Shift+F7Display the Thesaurus dialog box.
Alt+F8Display the Macro dialog box.
Alt+F11Open the Visual Basic Editor to create Macros.


9. Work with the Excel Ribbon
ShortcutDescription
Ctrl+F1Minimize or restore the Ribbon.s
Alt/F10Select the active tab of the Ribbon and activate the access keys. Press either of these keys again to move back to the document and cancel the access keys. and then arrow left or arrow right
Shift+F10Display the shortcut menu for the selected command.
Space/EnterActivate the selected command or control in the Ribbon, Open the selected menu or gallery in the Ribbon..
EnterFinish modifying a value in a control in the Ribbon, and move focus back to the document.
F1Get help on the selected command or control in the Ribbon. (If no Help topic is associated with the selected command, the Help table of contents for that program is shown instead.)


10. Data Forms
ShortcutDescription
Tab/Shift+TabMove to the next / previous field which can be edited.
Enter/Shift+EnterMove to the first field in the next / previous record.
Page Down/Page UpMove to the same field 10 records forward / back.
Ctrl+Page DownMove to a new record.
Ctrl+Page UpMove to the first record.
Home/EndMove to the beginning / end of a field.


11. Pivot Tables
ShortcutDescription
Arrow KeysNavigate inside Pivot tables.
Home/EndSelect the first / last visible item in the list.
Alt+cMove the selected field into the Column area.
Alt+dMove the selected field into the Data area.
Alt+lDisplay the PivotTable Field dialog box.
Alt+pMove the selected field into the Page area.
Alt+rMove the selected field into the Row area.
Ctrl+Shift+* (asterisk)Select the entire PivotTable report.
arrow keys to select the cell that contains the field, and then alt+Arrow DownDisplay the list for the current field in a PivotTable report.
arrow keys to select the page field in a PivotChart report, and then alt+Arrow DownDisplay the list for the current page field in a PivotChart report.
EnterDisplay the selected item.
SpaceSelect or clear a check box in the list.
Ctrl+tab ctrl+Shift+Tabselect the PivotTable toolbar.
Enter then arrow down /Arrow UpOn a field button: select the area you want to move the selected field to.
Alt+Shift+Arrow RightGroup selected PivotTable items.
Alt+Shift+Arrow LeftUngroup selected PivotTable items.


12. The Rest
Dialog Boxes
ShortcutDescription
Arrow KeysMove between options in the active drop-down list box or between some options in a group of options.
Ctrl+Tab/Ctrl+Shift+TabSwitch to the next/ previous tab in dialog box.
SpaceIn a dialog box: perform the action for the selected button, or select/clear a check box.
Tab/Shift+TabMove to the next / previous option.
a ... zMove to an option in a drop-down list box starting with the letter
Alt+a ... alt+zSelect an option, or select or clear a check box.
Alt+Arrow DownOpen the selected drop-down list box.
EnterPerform the action assigned to the default command button in the dialog box.
EscCancel the command and close the dialog box.

Auto Filter
ShortcutDescription
Alt+Arrow DownOn the field with column head, display the AutoFilter list for the current column .
Arrow Down/Arrow UpSelect the next item / previous item in the AutoFilter list.
Alt+Arrow UpClose the AutoFilter list for the current column.
Home/EndSelect the first item / last item in the AutoFilter list.
EnterFilter the list by using the selected item in the AutoFilter list.
Ctrl + Shift + LApply filter on selected column headings.

Work with Smart Art Graphics
ShortcutDescription
Arrow KeysSelect elements.
EscRemove Focus from Selection.
F2Edit Selection Text in if possible (in formula bar).
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A better way to speed up of your PC

Is your computer slow? No matter how good you are about keeping your computer clean and up to date, all computers seem to slow down after time.

The causes of your computer being slow can include:
  • Not enough hard drive space, too many unused programs.
  • Left over programs, old cached and temporary files.
  • Too many programs running at startup or in the background
  • Data Corruption, hard disk fragmentation
  • Missing Windows updates or outdated drivers
Whatever the cause, there are lots of ways to help speed up your computer and make your PC work better—even without upgrading your hardware. This easy to follow, step by step guide will help to speed up your computer.

Background programs

One of the most common reasons for a slow computer are programs running in the background. Remove or disable any startup programs that automatically start each time the computer boots.

Tip: To see what programs are running in the background and how much memory and CPU they are using open Task Manager.  If you are running Windows 7 or higher run Resmon to get a better understanding of how your computer is being used.

Solution: In the Search programs and files box, type msconfig and click on the msconfig icon that appears. When the System Configuaration window appears, click on the Startup tab.  Then uncheck those programs you wish not to start and click Apply.

Free hard drive space

Verify that there is at least 200-500MB of free hard drive space. This available space allows the computer to have room for the swap file to increase in size as well as room for temporary files.

Bad, corrupted or fragmented hard drive

  • Run ScanDisk, chkdsk, or something equivalent to verify there is nothing physically wrong with the computer hard drive.
  • Run Disk Defragmenter to help ensure that data is arranged in the best possible order.
  • User other software tools to test the hard drive for any errors by looking at the SMART of the drive.

Update your drivers

  • Make sure you've got the latest drivers for your computer, especially the latest video drivers. Having out-of-date drivers can cause an assortment of issues.
  • If you are on the Internet when your computer is slow also make sure all browser plugins are up-to-date.
  • Make sure you have all the latest Windows updates installed in the computer.

Hard drive upgrade

One of the biggest bottlenecks of a computer is the hard disk drive. For anyone with a slow computer or just looking for something to upgrade in the computer to improve overall system performance going from a traditional HDD to a Solid State Drive (SSD) will significantly improve the overall system performance.

Do you have more than one antivirus program?

If you use more than one antivirus or anti-spyware program at the same time, your computer may experience decreased performance, become unstable, or restart unexpectedly.

Caution:

  • When you remove your currently installed Internet security programs, your computer may be in an unprotected state. 
  • Make sure you have an Internet security program running on your computer at all times.
Tip: You will need to restart your computer while following these instructions. Write them down, print them, or bookmark this page (mark it as a Favorite) to make it easier to find this topic again.

Step to Remove antivirus or anti-spyware programs

  • In Windows XP, click Start, click Run, type appwiz.cpl, and then press Enter.
-OR- In Windows Vista, click Start. In the Start Search box, type appwiz.cpl, and then press Enter.
-OR- In Windows 7, click Start. In the Search programs and files box, type appwiz.cpl, and then press Enter.
-OR- In Windows 8, Swipe in from the right edge of the screen, tap or click Apps and then tap or click Search (or if you're using a mouse, point to the upper-right corner of the screen, move the mouse pointer down, and then click Search).Type appwiz.cpl in Search box, and tap Appwiz.cpl on the left side of your screen.

  • In the list of installed programs, uninstall any other Internet security programs.
  • Restart your computer.
Note:

  • Some Internet security applications do not uninstall completely. You may need to download and run a cleanup utility for your previous security application for it to be completely removed.
  • If you use another anti-spyware program together with Microsoft Security Essentials, we recommend that you turn off real-time scanning in the other program. For more information, see the documentation supplied by that anti-spyware program.
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